Bruce McCarl

59, agricultural economist, College Station
Bruce McCarl
Illustration by Andy Friedman

Al Gore may be the public face of climate change, but all around the world, researchers are toiling in semi-obscurity to deepen our understanding of the challenge it poses. One of these is McCarl, a Texas A&M University professor who has spent the past twenty years studying the potential effects of global warming on farming and ranching. In 2004 McCarl’s work got him appointed to the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a sort of clearinghouse of more than 2,500 scientists, established to provide an objective source of information about this often-contentious subject. Last year, McCarl, his fellow IPCC whizzes, and Gore shared a Nobel Peace Prize “for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change.”

You’ve said that Texas may be the state “most vulnerable” to climate change. Why?

The projections call for more droughts, more heat waves, more extreme weather—including more floods—warmer conditions, and drier conditions. And Texas is in a [projected] band that is substantially drier than the rest of the country. It would make Texas a less suitable place for crops to grow; under some of the more extreme scenarios, my prior work has indicated we’ll have about 40 percent less cropped agricultural acreage. So we’re vulnerable on the effects side.

And that’s not all.

If the country moves to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, we’re going to be the number one place to do that, because we have roughly twice the emissions level of any other state. And a lot of our industry is dependent on our large coal- and natural gas—fired power plant inventory, coupled with our large petroleum industry. Mitigation will hurt us. The first image in my slide presentation has an ambulance—mitigation—roaring at Texas from one side and a bulldozer—climate change—from the other. And my argument is, we are gonna get squeezed.

What’s the good news?

I guess what I would say is, we are the home of the energy industry in the U.S., and energy emissions are the source of 85 percent of the problem. What we need to do is mobilize our intellectual capital in that industry to do this stuff, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. And it may provide as

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