June 2010: More than 21 years ago, on March 24, 1989, the tanker Exxon Valdez ran aground on Bligh Reef in Alaska, permanently fouling the once-pristine Prince William Sound with more than 10 million gallons of crude oil. Senior executive editor Paul Burka suggested that I find out what could be done to clean up the next big oil spill, since virtually nothing tried in Alaska seemed to have worked. And thus began an initially frustrating but ultimately exhilarating year-long odyssey. Eventually, I got a tip about a little Texas company that had oil-eating microbes they asserted could digest the Valdez’s oily mess.
The bugs had been collected from across the globe by a University of Texas professor of microbiology and marine science since 1969. The Texas company claimed to have something else, a mysterious “biocatalyst” that could cause the microbes to rapidly multiply exponentially. If true, this would overcome the major problem facing those wanting to use microbes to clean up pollution—boosting the “biomass” so that clean-ups could be accomplished in weeks and months instead of months and years.
I discovered a few facts about the unnamed inventor—“the old man”—and these were sufficient to lead me to his name, his obituary, and his role co-founding another company, still extant, that produced a “soil activator” that appeared to work with soil microbes, much as the professor’s did for ocean-dwelling microbes. Eventually I found a handful of small companies in Texas alone with links to the old man that produced similar biocatalysts, commonly known as enzymes, that were used in agriculture, bioremediation of polluted sites, and sewage treatment. All seemed to have another property: They were said to produce a sequestered and highly reactive form of oxygen in prodigious amounts.
Is it possible that the answer to remediating BP’s Deepwater Horizon continuous oil spill has been hiding in plain sight in the pages of TEXAS MONTHLY for the past two decades? I think it is not only possible but also probable. On May 25, 2010, almost twenty years to the day after my story was published, Scientific American released a feature story online echoing the scientific consensus with this headline: “ Slick Solution: How Microbes Will Clean Up the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill .”
The experts’ conclusion: The microorganisms would operate very slowly, because the scientists quoted knew of no way to get the naturally occurring bugs to multiply faster and thus to do their work more rapidly. And they certainly didn't know about the “secret” Texas enzymatic biocatalyst that seemingly supercharged microbes to vastly increase their numbers and their apparent ability do to in months what might otherwise take years.
For more than sixty years, a handful of small Texas businesses have safely and effectively used the enzyme-producing, microbe-sparking process described in “The Old Man and the Secret” to cause naturally occurring microbes to multiply rapidly and do a variety of disagreeable jobs, including cleaning up oil-polluted water. Many pioneers of this process have died over the past twenty years since I wrote my piece. This remarkable knowledge of a relatively simple, cheap, and easy “silver bullet” that may yet undo much of the damage we have done to our planet is in danger of being lost.
If you want to get involved, consider writing a letter, or sending a copy of this story, to President Obama, Energy Secretary Steven Chu, and your members of Congress, and ask them to give this remarkable technology a prompt and rigorous scientific study. —Tom Curtis, June 8, 2010
No one seems to know for sure just where or when the old man discovered the secret of life, but my guess is that it was in El Paso, sometime between 1950 and 1953. James Francis Martin was already well into his fifties back then and had come back to live for a few years in the town where he was born. An archetypal American inventor in the tradition of Thomas Edison, he was a self-taught chemist, metallurgist, and naturalist who got no further in school than the fourth grade. Though he made his living traveling through the desert Southwest as a railroad fireman, Jim Martin’s lifelong passion was figuring out how to make things, things he often put together from ingredients he found in the natural world—a natural insect repellent for plants, a patented pollution-reducing muffler, a way to preserve fruit for years, a procedure for making synthetic opals, and an array of alloys.
But Jim Martin’s crowning achievement—an invention he often said was fifty years ahead of its time—was not fully accepted during his lifetime. From the early fifties to 1975, when he died in a small town in Central Texas, he worked relentlessly to bring his discovery to the world’s attention.
It was a colorless, odorless liquid he sometimes called “the living water.” It was derived from seawater, cow manure and yeast—simple ingredients that were transformed by a fermentation process into a substance with remarkable qualities. It could stimulate microbes that exist in nature to multiply rapidly and cleanse polluted water and soils, neutralize dangerous chemicals, eat sewage sludge, even make the desert bloom. Starting nearly forty years ago, Jim Martin demonstrated virtually all these uses, but he was ignored at the time. People just couldn’t believe that his innocuous-looking water was the environmental panacea he believed it to be.
Today at least Texas six companies are quietly peddling variations of Martin’s seminal breakthrough, even everywhere from the Middle East to your local garden shop. These substances only recently have come to be studied seriously by scientists impressed by their phenomenal abilities. Horticultural specialists and farmers have been struck by the power of these products, confirmed in controlled tests, to dramatically increase crop production and to stanch soil erosion. Others have noted their capacity to reclaim salt-stressed soils and allow crops to thrive with salt-water irrigation. Studies commissioned by the U.S. Department of Energy have verified that microbes treated with a version of Martin’s water can boost oil production.