“Victory or Death” Letter Returns to the Alamo

For the first time since it was penned by commander William Barret Travis 177 years ago.
Mon February 25, 2013 3:00 pm
AP Images | Eric Gay

For the first time in 177 years, the iconic “Victory or Death” letter penned by Alamo commander William Barrett Travis has returned to its place of authorship. Hundreds of visitors lined up this weekend to see the authentic, yellowing document in the Alamo Shrine, where it will be on exhibit until March 7.

On February 24, 1836, Travis began his open letter “To the People of Texas & All Americans in the World.” He requested reinforcements for his small force of rebel Texans, which was vastly outnumbered by the Mexican army, as the Associated Press notes. A courier on horseback “slipped through Mexican lines,” and the letter was eventually published in Texan, American, and European newspapers. Although Travis and his rebels were defeated and killed two weeks later, inspired Texans finally won their independence from Mexico the following month in a battle outside present-day Houston.

The state of Texas purchased the letter from Travis’s great-great grandson in 1893 for $85, the AP reported. It has been in custody of the Texas State Library and Archives since 1909, according to the Library’s website.

The fragile sheet of paper is enclosed in a bulletproof case designed to block ultraviolet rays and regulate temperature and humidity. Security guards will be stationed around the exhibit, and visitors will be scanned with hand-held metal detectors a precaution not ordinarily taken at the Shrine.

Texas Land Commissioner Jerry Patterson, whose office took ownership of the Alamo in 2011* and proposed exhibiting the letter there, spoke at the opening ceremony, announcing that he was “of the opinion that every Texan in their lifetime should be able to eyeball the document.” Patterson also predicted that this would be what most people would remember from his time in office, the San Antonio Express-News reported.

Travis penned the letter in a room across the plaza from the mission’s main entrance, where the tourist-trap, Ripley’s Haunted Adventure now stands.

Visitors can remember their experience with souvenirs

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