76 | The Great Storm devastates Galveston
1402 Broadway, Galveston | September 8, 1900

77 | Jack Johnson is born
808 Broadway, Galveston | March 31, 1878

78 | Cabeza de Vaca washes ashore
Along Jamaica Beach, Galveston | November 6, 1528

79 | Texians prevail at the Battle of Velasco
Near the corner of Thunder Road and Monument Drive, Freeport | June 26, 1832

80 | Stephen F. Austin and his cousin Mary discuss a book about Texas
Intersection of Travis and Market, Brazoria | December 1831

81 | Horton Foote writes Texas Town
505 North Houston, Wharton | 1940

Southern Methodist University/Degolyer Library

“This is always the end of the journey for me,” the Pulitzer Prize–winning dramatist Horton Foote wrote more than half a century ago, referring to his hometown of Wharton. Indeed, though most of his writing was done outside Texas, his plays and films were nearly always set in small Southern towns that bear an uncanny resemblance to Wharton, where Foote was born in 1916. The modest, one-story house where he grew up, three blocks from the town square, remained his lifelong home away from home. “It was on the front porch of that house that he also heard for the first time many of the stories he would later use as the basis for more than sixty plays, movies, and TV dramas,” wrote biographer Wilborn Hampton. Seven decades ago, Foote, then living in New York City, returned home to pen his first full-length play, Texas Town. The three-act drama launched his storied career. —PC

82 | La Salle establishes a French settlement
Along Garcitas Creek, south of Texas Highway 616; Lavaca Bay | 1685

83 | Thornton Chisholm launches a cattle drive
Four miles north of Cuero on U.S. 183 | April 1, 1866

84 | Richard King partners with Gideon K. “Legs” Lewis
North Mesquite at Schatzell, Corpus Christi | May 1852

85 | The first Whataburger stand opens
2609 Ayers, Corpus Christi | August 8, 1950

86 | Election is stolen for Lyndon Johnson
Corner of Main and Wright, Alice | 1948

Courtesy of the LBJ Library

Lyndon B. Johnson does not like to lose. He has already tasted defeat once, in 1941, when Governor W. Lee “Pappy” O’Daniel bested him by 1,306 votes in a special election for U.S. Senate. So when a second shot at the Senate presents itself, in 1948, Johnson is determined to prevail. He forces a runoff in the Democratic primary with former governor Coke Stevenson, and as the race draws to a close, in August, the early results favor his opponent. Suddenly an amended return is filed from Precinct 13, in Jim Wells County. The new count shifts two hundred votes to Johnson’s column, giving him the victory by 87 votes. An outraged Stevenson demands to see the return, but it has been locked for safekeeping in the vault of the Texas State Bank, in Alice, the county seat. Stevenson protests all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which opts out, deciding that matters of state politics should be left to the state. Johnson’s victory sticks, as does the derisive nickname “Landslide Lyndon.” —HWB

87 | Plan de San Diego reportedly signed
400 East Garvis, San Diego | January 6, 1915

88 | José Ballí establishes a ranch
Off Beach Access 5, Padre Island | 1804

89 | Confederates win Civil War’s last battle
South of Texas Highway 4 and Palmito Hill Road, near Brownsville | May 11–19, 1865

Photograph by Kenny Braun

More than a month after Robert E. Lee had surrendered, a number of Confederates had not yet laid down their arms. Still, it is unclear why a young colonel named Theodore H. Barrett decided to attack the Confederate encampments at Palmito Ranch, in what would be the last battle of the Civil War. Some argued that Barrett was hungry for action; others believe he was on a foraging expedition. Whatever the case, his maneuvers suggest hostile intent. Two days of skirmishes followed, with the bulk of the fighting taking place in a pocket between the Rio Grande and what is now Texas Highway 4. The last known combat fatality of the Civil War, a private from Indiana named John J. Williams, fell somewhere along this stretch of the road, and the skirmish ended with Barrett’s retreat. The Federals may have won the war, but the Confederates won the final battle. —KV

90 | Américo Paredes takes a job at the Brownsville Herald
1263 East Adams, Brownsville | 1934

91 | Border Fence breaks ground at Brownsville campus
University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College campus | 2008

92 | Ruby Red grapefruit is created
McAllen | March 30, 1929

93 | Lloyd Bentsen is elected county judge
100 North Closner Boulevard, Edinburg | 1946

94 | Tom Landry dominates the gridiron
415 East Fourteenth, Mission | 1941

95 | Washington’s Birthday celebration is held
500 Flores Avenue, Laredo | February 22, 1898

96 | LBJ teaches public school
204 Northeast Lane, Cotulla | September 1928

97 | High school students stage a walkout
717 East Crockett, Crystal City | December 1969

98 |Construction begins on the Alamo Village
103 Shahan Ranch Road, about six miles north of Brackettville | December 1957

99 | Santa Anna gets a taste of Texas
Old Applewhite and Bruce roads, near Leming | August 18, 1813

100 | Charles Elmer Doolin cooks up the frito
1416 Roosevelt Avenue, San Antonio | 1932


Read the entire story of 175 moments and places on our list.

To visit every place on our list—or tell us what we missed—go to our Terquasquicentennial Blog.

Check out videos from six locations, including the border fence in Brownsville.