If the Legislature were to declare a state casserole (and I’m surprised it hasn’t), it would have to be the King Ranch. A staple of school lunchrooms and church suppers, frat houses and funerals, it is, according to a particularly astute hostess quoted in 1966 in the San Antonio Light, “a hit with men as well as with women guests.”

As far as anyone can tell, the recipe does not hail from the real King Ranch; how many yard birds have you seen in photos of that majestic spread? More likely it’s a Junior League attempt at chilaquiles or a Texas take on chicken à la king. And though it is a member in good standing of the condensed-soup canon, those bland, oddly comforting, Gerber-invoking turkey tetrazzinis and tuna noodles simply cannot compete with the exotic King Ranch, whose lively Tex-Mex flavors—spicy chile powders, zesty roasted peppers, earthy mushrooms—coalesce in one sublime, admittedly unattractive package. So lively are these flavors supposed to be, in fact, that I propose you ditch the cans (except for the wholly respectable Ro-Tel) and make this from-scratch version from Texas cookbook author Rebecca Rather. One bite of this “steaming mass of melted mush” (as this magazine once lovingly referred to the KRC) should put you right back in Mom’s kitchen—but not in your high chair.

king ranch casserole

King Ranch Casserole

Lord of the potluck.
Servings 10 people


  • ½ cup unsalted butter
  • 1 yellow onion, chopped
  • 1 red bell pepper, chopped
  • 8 ounces button mushrooms, sliced
  • 4 cloves garlic, minced
  • ½ teaspoon chili powder
  • ¼ teaspoon cayenne powder
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon black pepper
  • 1 cup all-purpose flour
  • 3 ½ cups chicken stock
  • ½ cup heavy cream
  • 3 mild green chiles, roasted, peeled (stems and seeds discarded), and diced
  • 1 ten-ounce can of Ro-Tel
  • 18 corn tortillas
  • 1 cooked chicken (poached or roasted), meat shredded
  • 1 cup shredded jack cheese
  • 1 cup shredded cheddar


  • Melt the butter in a large sauté pan over medium heat.
  • Add the vegetables and sauté on medium-low about 7 minutes. 
  • Stir in the chili powder, cayenne, salt, and pepper, and cook for 1 minute.
  • Sprinkle in flour, ½ cup at a time, and stir until the white is no longer visible. 
  • Whisk in 3 cups of the stock, 1 cup at a time, until smooth.
  • Whisk in cream and stir in chiles and tomatoes.
  • Preheat the oven to 350.
  • Grease a 9-by-13-inch baking dish with butter.
  • Pour remaining ½ cup of stock into a bowl.
  • Stack the tortillas in the bowl, 6 at a time, to moisten, then line the bottom of the pan with the tortillas, making sure they overlap each other by about one third. 
  • Cover the tortillas with half the sauce. 
  • Add half the chicken and sprinkle with a third of the cheese. 
  • Add a second layer of soaked tortillas, the remaining sauce and chicken, and another third of the cheese.
  • Top with the remaining tortillas and cheese.
  • Bake for about an hour, until bubbling and lightly browned on top. Remove from the oven and let sit for 10 minutes before serving.

Adapted from The Pastry Queen, by Rebecca Rather. Ten Speed Press. © 2004 by Rebecca Rather and Alison Oresman.